New zealands exclusive economic zone eez covers 4,083,744 km 2, which is approximately fifteen times the land area of the country. The exclusive economic zone referred to in the preceding paragraph hereinafter the exclusive economic zone comprises the areas of the sea extending from the baseline of japan the baseline here is as defined in article 2, paragraph 1, of the law on the territorial sea and the contiguous zone law no. An exclusive economic zone eez is a concept adopted at the third united nations conference on the law of the sea 1982, whereby a coastal state assumes jurisdiction over the exploration and exploitation of marine resources in its adjacent section of the continental shelf, taken to be a band extending 200 miles from the shore. The eez, article 55 is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, subject to the.
Exploration for and exploitation of living rmd nonliving resourca of the zone 6. Exclusive economic zone definition of exclusive economic. Two broad, nonmutually exclusive, categories of shared stocks have been identified as transboundary stocks eez to eez and straddling fish stocks both within the eez and the adjacent high seas. Nmfs manages the groundfish fishery in the bsai exclusive economic zone according to the fishery management plan for groundfish of the bering sea and aleutian islands management area fmp prepared by the north pacific fishery management council council under authority of the magnusonstevens fishery conservation and management act. Although the performance of many zones remains below expectations, failing either to. Safeguards against excessive enforcement measures in the. Ocean mapping of the united states exclusive economic zone. Marine regions beninese exclusive economic zone eez. An act to establish beyond the territorial sea a zone to be known as the exclusive economic zone and to provide for matters incidental thereto or connected therewith. The council prepared, and the secretary approved, the goa fmp under the authority of the magnusonstevens act, 16 u. Apr 18, 2020 military activities in an exclusive economic zone eez in may 2016, following a dangerous intercept by two chinese j11 fighter jets that approached within 50 feet of an u. Delimitation of exclusive economic zone of nigeria 1 subject to the other provisions of this act, there is hereby denominated a zone to be known as the exclusive economic zone of nigeria in this act referred to as the exclusive zone which shall be an area extending from the external.
Declaration of the outer limits of the exclusive economic. This svg file contains embedded text that can be translated into your language, using the svg translate tool or any capable svg editor. Eez to advance the development of ocean resources and promote the protection of the marine environment. The negotiations were characterized by the traditional dichotomy between coastal states and the major maritime powers that has always shaped the law of the sea. Oecd glossary of statistical terms exclusive economic zone.
Printing law of the sea national legislation doalosola. In the exclusive economic zone, the coastal state shall have the exclusive right to construct, to authorize and regulate the construction, operation and use of. Pollock in statistical area 610 in the gulf of alaska a rule by the national oceanic and atmospheric administration on 03092020 comments on this document are being accepted at regulations. Explore exclusive economic zone profile at times of india for photos, videos and latest news of exclusive. Proceedings of the 14th biennial coastal zone conference, 2005. Two broad, nonmutually exclusive, categories of shared stocks have been identified as transboundary stocks eez to eez and straddling fish stocks both within. The specific development in dispute is the prcs drilling in the chunxiao gas field, which is located in undisputed areas on chinas side, three or four miles 6 km west of the. Territorial sea and exclusive economic zone act 1977, act. Virgin islands, the commonwealth of the northern mariana islands, and any other territory or possession over which the united states.
The single maritime boundary regime and the relationship between the continental shelf and the exclusive economic zone in. Maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone eez disputes. Exclusive economic zone cooperation treaty between the state of barbados and the republic of guyana concerning the exercise of jurisdiction in their exclusive economic zones in the area of bilateral overlap within each of their outer limits and beyond the outer limits of the exclusive economic zones of other states. Nmfs manages the groundfish fishery in the goa exclusive economic zone according to the fishery management plan for groundfish of the gulf of alaska fmp prepared by the north pacific fishery management council under authority of the magnusonstevens fishery conservation and management act. In this article, you can read all about eezs, which is a part of both the economy and the geography segments of the upsc syllabus. Exclusive economic zone analysis ms excel spreadsheet, 27. It integrates and serves geographic information from the vlimar gazetteer and the marbound database and proposes a standard of marine georeferenced locations, boundaries and regions. Issues and responses a report of the tokyo meeting 1920 february 2003 this document reports on discussions held at the tokyo meeting, a gathering of senior officials and analysts from countries of the asia pacific region cosponsored by the. Costs and benefits arising from the establishment of maritime zones in the mediterranean sea. Marine regions is a standard list of marine georeferenced place names and areas. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Noaa office of general counsel international section. Territorial sea and eez act 1977 pacific islands forum.
Pdf the 1982 united nations convention on the law of the sea losc, with the provisions for defining an exclusive economic zone eez. The unique natural environment supports a wide range of ecosystems with exceptional. Media in category exclusive economic zones the following 59 files are in this category, out of 59 total. Exclusive economic zone cooperation treaty between the state of barbados and the republic of guyana concerning the exercise of jurisdiction in their exclusive economic zones in the area of bilateral overlap within each of their outer limits and beyond the outer limits of the exclusive economic zones. Exclusive economic zone eez is an area in the ocean where only one country gets to look into and do economic activity, such as mining underwater resources and fishing. Untapped resources include minerals and fish within sri lankas exclusive economic zone. The background of the twohundredmile eez can be found in the unilat eral actions that south american nations implemented to protect exclusive.
Hogarth, assistance administrator, national marine fisheries service, hearing on offshore aquaculture. Exclusive economic zone 1 the exclusive economic zone act arrangem6nt of sections preliminary 1. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 3. Introduction the exclusive economic zone eez, as established in the united nations convention on the law of the sea unclos,2 is a compromise between the. Conservation and utilization of the living resources in the exclusive economic zone how far can we go. Demystifying the maritime zones and other marine boundaries on noaas nautical charts. Exclusive economic zone eez the term exclusive economic zone, hereafter abbreviated to eez, is taken to mean the entire zone under the exclusive jurisdiction of a coastal state or international organisation. Short title and commencement 1 this act may be cited as the territorial sea and exclusive economic zone act 1996. As such, it would seem reasonable to consider the exclusive economic zone to be an instrument of national security. Measurement of the breadth of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf.
University of edinburgh, school of law, working papers. Mar 05, 2014 download pdf file bermuda exclusive economic zon. Fisheries of the exclusive economic zone off alaska. Interpretation part i the territorial sea of the cook islands 3. Department of state public notice 2237, exclusive economic zone and maritime boundaries. Nmfs manages the groundfish fishery in the goa exclusive economic zone according to the fishery management plan for groundfish of the gulf of alaska fmp prepared by the north pacific fishery management council under authority of the magnusonstevens. The publication at hand by the office of the law commissioner is an english translation and consolidation of the exclusive economic zone and the. Landings data by eez for all uk registered vessels 2012 ref. The establishment of the exclusive economic zone eez regime in the early 1980s brought with it the shared fish stock problem. Exclusive economic zone simple english wikipedia, the free.
The role of the economic exclusive zone eez in the international law of the sea remains a controversial issue two decades after the 1982 united nations. Federal register fisheries of the exclusive economic zone. In the case of islands far from the mainland, eez starts at the coasts of the islands. Ebbin edited by institutional dimensions of global environmental change, groton, u. Conservation and utilization of the living resources in. Presidential memorandum, ocean mapping of the united states exclusive economic zone and the shoreline and nearshore of alaska, 84 fr 64699 nov. It claims an eez of 200 nautical miles 370 km from its shores.
The exclusive economic zone and governance institutions for living marine resources alf hakon hoel university of tromso, norway and are k. The exclusive economic zone eez was a significant innovation of unclos. Exclusive economic zone and continental shelf environmental effects act 2012 the act coastal resources limited crl application for marine dumping consent m4 minute of the decisionmaking committee 7 november 2018 expert conferencing and facilitated meeting on marine mammals expert conferencing 1. Pdf the performance of exclusive economic zones researchgate. Black sea relief location map with exclusive economic. It stretches from the baseline out to 200 nautical miles nmi from its coast. You are free to use this image as long as you follow the terms of the license and credit me properly. Exclusive economic zone of the republic and the exclusive economic zone of the other state shall be effected by agreement between them. The single maritime boundary regime and the relationship. The united states exclusive economic zone eez was established in 1983 and comprises all marine areas within 200 nautical miles 370 kilometers of the nearest u.
Zona ekonomi eksklusif, zee in the world with 6,159,032 km 2 2,378,016 sq mi. An exclusive economic zone eez is a sea zone prescribed by the 1982 united nations convention on the law of the sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind. Indonesia has the 6th largest exclusive economic zone indonesian. Experimental statistics united kingdom commercial sea. Federal register strategy for mapping, exploring, and. Declaration of the outer limits of the exclusive economic zone 2012 ln no. The newest concept of the montego bay convention was the exclusive economic zone.
This will include the territorial seas which spans 0 12 nautical miles from. About marine regions marine regions is a standard list of marine georeferenced place names and areas. Marine regions iranian exclusive economic zone eez. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in. Seas in zone to be new zealand fisheries waters 10. Be it enacted by the niue assembly, and by the authority of the same, as follows. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. This is a retouched picture, which means that it has been digitally altered from its original version. Exclusive economic zone simple english wikipedia, the. An exclusive economic zone eez is an area which is beyond, and is adjacent to, a given countrys territorial seas, and extends no more than 200 nautical miles 370 kilometers out from a countrys own coastlines.
Printing law of the sea national legislation doalos. Chinas exclusive economic zone and continental shelf. Dec 15, 2014 in this east asia policy paper, lynn kuok argues that claimants should jointly define exclusive economic zone claims from the largest islands in the south china sea on a without prejudice. Exclusive economic zone an overview sciencedirect topics. Iranian exclusive economic zone flanders marine institute 2019. The whole texts of these two laws are compiled in ministry of the interior, the law of the territorial sea and the contiguous zone of the republic of china and the law on the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf in chinese, february 1998. Y then new y exclusive economic zone eez were to be addressed by coastal states, whereas crimes committed on the high seas were to be addressed by flag states. Short title and commencement 1 this act may be cited as the territorial sea and exclusive economic zone act 1977. Uk sea fisheries annual statistics report 2016 gov. The exclusive economic zone charles quince download. Uk commercial sea fisheries landings by exclusive economic.
Exclusive economic zone the convention gives coastal states the right to es tablish by proclam ation an exclusive econom ic zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea1. Normally, eez goes out to 200 nautical miles 370 km, unless eezs of two or more countries overlap. Sources vary significantly on the size of new zealand s eez. An exclusive economic zone eez is a zone in the sea prescribed by the united nations convention on the law of the sea unclos over which a country has certain rights. Exclusive economic zone international law britannica. This thesis examines new zealands maritime claims in the context of national security. Introduction to exclusive economic zone djaguilfoyle. The consensus ultimately reached reflects a carefully constructed.
Japan has objected to prc development of natural gas resources in the east china sea near an area where the two countries exclusive economic zone eez claims overlap. Page 1 national legislation doalosola united nations asdf proclamation 5030 by the president of the united states of america on the exclusive economic zone of the united states of america. Special economic zones sezs geographically delimited areas within which governments facilitate industrial activity through fiscal and regulatory incentives and infrastructure support are widely used across most developing and many developed economies. Pdf exclusive economic zones and the management of fisheries. This zone can extend to a maximum of 200 nautical miles, measured from the baseline used for determing the breadth of the territorial sea2. Exclusive economic zone eez definition, explanation. Beninese exclusive economic zone flanders marine institute 2019.
Territorial sea and exclusive economic zone act 1996. In the case of india, the territorial waters, continental shelf, and exclusive economic zone and other maritime zones act of 1976 also known as the maritime zones act required foreign warships to notify even in innocent passage through the territorial water. Beyond its territorial waters, every coastal country may establish an eez extending 370 km 200 nautical miles from shore. Overflight in the exclusive economic zone eez issued by the ocean. Exclusive economic zone eez extends no more than 200 nautical miles from the territorial sea baseline and is adjacent to the 12 nautical mile territorial sea of the u. Principles for building confidence and security in the exclusive. Sri lanka is fortunate to have significant untapped economic resources, a unique natural environment and important fragile areas. Emission control areas ecas designated under regulation of marpol annex vi nox emission control 5. Oct 03, 2019 report on uk commercial sea fisheries landings by exclusive economic zone eez of capture including statistical tables and underlying data sets for 20122018. Oecd glossary of statistical terms exclusive economic. Congress, senate committee on commerce, science, and transportation, ocean policy study, statement of william t. Premier orders island eez out of hamilton declaration the.
The establishment of 200mile exclusive economic zones eezs, bringing over a third of the world ocean. Ep3 aries reconnaissance aircraft, chinas foreign ministry demanded that the u. Latest and breaking news on exclusive economic zone. Territorial sea and exclusive economic zone act 1977 cook islands territorial sea and exclusive economic zone 1977 analysis title 1. Maritime boundaries and exclusive economic zones 200nm, version 11. An exclusive economic zone eez, as defined by the united nations convention on the law of the sea, is a 200 nautical mile jurisdiction granted to coastal nations for sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or nonliving, of the waters superjacent to the. Costs and benefits arising from the establishment of. On march 10, 1983, president reagan issued proclamation 5030 exclusive economic zone of the united states of america, which established the united states exclusive economic zone u. Safeguards against excessive enforcement measures in the exclusive economic zone law and practice. Within the eez the coastal state has the right to exploit and regulate fisheries and carry out various. However, is this claim assured and are the expected benefits being realised.1270 775 1305 358 6 904 930 1174 835 652 216 286 510 3 1316 1352 1222 945 698 21 594 1168 51 1068 982 237 202 1454 1352 639 497 405 1174 700 826 691 156 1105 165 793 922 799